Have you ever noticed that different parts of the world have very different climates, and different animals and plants that live there? Learn about what a biome is and examples of biomes around the world with this fun biomes lapbook project. Lapbooks are a great way to learn about a topic with kids of all ages!
WHAT IS A BIOME?
A biome is a large region of the Earth that has a distinct climate and distinct animals and plants that live there. The living things in each biome can have special features that help them to survive in their particular biome.
Plants and animals that live within a biome depend on each other for survival. The interactions between the living things and the non-living parts of a biome are called ecosystems. Each biome is made up of many ecosystems.
TYPES OF BIOMES
There are many different types of biomes. Which ones can you think of? Examples of biomes you find on Earth are;
- Tropical Rainforest
- Temperate Forest
In this biome lapbook activity, you will learn more about 4 main types of biomes; desert, tropical rainforest, Arctic and ocean biomes. Plus, examples of animals that live in those biomes.
The desert biome is more dry and hot than any other type of biome. A desert biome gets less than 10 inches of rain a year and does not have much water. Deserts have dry soil, little to no surface water and high evaporation. They can be so dry that sometimes rain evaporates before it can hit the ground!
Animals and plants that survive in such a harsh environment have ways to conserve water, and can make efficient use of water in the brief times it rains. For example; camels can store water in their humps and go a long time without drinking.
The tropical rainforest is the wettest land biome in the world. Rainforests get their name because they are warm and rainy! This land biome is home to over half of all the plant and animal species that live on the planet.
Tropical rainforests have a lot of diversity because the high rainfall and sunshine means plants can grow rapidly through photosynthesis. This in turn means there is a lot of food available for animals.
The ocean biome is the largest biome on Earth and over 70% of the Earth’s surface. Many animals that live in the ocean, have adaptations like fish gills, that help them breath in water instead of air. Other animals, such as mammals like whales and dolphins, must come to the surface to breath.
The ocean can be a challenging place to live. Marine plants have adapted by being able to float or anchor themselves to rocks. They are also able to get all the carbon dioxide and nutrients they need directly from the water instead of the air and soil like land plants.
Check out these ocean activities for kids!
The arctic biome (or tundra) is the coldest of all the biomes. The average temperature in the Arctic regions is -18 degrees F. It gets much colder in the winter and is warmer in the short summers.
The few animals and plants that live in the Arctic biome have adaptations to the cold. For example; polar bears have a thick coating of blubber under their skin to keep them warm.
Use these questions for discussion with your kids during or after they have completed their biome lapbook. Older kiddos can use these questions as a writing prompt for a STEM notebook. For younger kiddos, use the questions as a fun conversation!
- Which biome has the most diversity (biggest number of different plants and animals)?
- What is the largest biome on earth?
- Which biome is the coldest?
- Which biome receives the most rainfall?
- Which biome do we live in?
BIOME LAPBOOK PROJECT
WATCH THE VIDEO:
- File folder
- Biome printable
- Colored crayons, markers, or pencils
HOW TO PUT TOGETHER YOUR BIOME LAPBOOK
STEP 1. To create the cover of the lapbook, color each item on the page.
When finished, cut down the solid line and glue the pieces to each side of the front of the lapbook.
STEP 2. Color and glue the What is a biome? page to the center of the lapbook.
STEP 3. To make the booklets about each individual biome, first cut out each page of the mini-booklets.
Glue the bottom portion (the biome description) to the inner lapbook flaps.
Using the top line as a guide, glue the top page (biome name and picture) of the mini-booklets onto the correct description.
STEP 4. Color and cut out the circles with the animals in them. Glue them next to the biome they belong to.
Read through your finished biome lapbook and discuss the questions.
Article thanks to littlebinsforlittlehands.com